Youth Development: Tutoring

We’ve always wanted to write about youth development – it’s something that interests us both and we feel we have a few points that can help people. Scouting and recruitment is supposed to be the first article about Youth Development, but I’m still toying with some ideas with that and I don’t want to release anything that isn’t complete, so I’ll skip straight ahead to tutoring! Eventually we’ll have a complete series of articles about this subject that you can refer back to and read in a logical order.

Tutoring is greatly underrated and underused by many in the FM community. In fairness a lot of it is very ambiguous and shrouded in theories and ideas but it is a very simple tool that makes youth development a whole lot more successful. At any one time, I probably have about 80% of my club’s players involved in tutoring, whether that be as the mentor or the learner; it is the driving force behind my developmental system and can also help with team spirit and relationships. If you don’t use it, here’s why you should.

General points

  • The top age for a learner is 22 (therefore the youngest age for a mentor is 23
  • A tutor can mentor a youngster that vaguely shares any positions with them – eg a winger can tutor full backs sometimes
  • A player under the age of 23 can be a tutor if they are captain
  • A high rep youngster cannot be tutored by a low rep veteran
  • Players cannot be tutors if they are learning a PPM
  • Some PPMs can be passed on through tutoring that cannot usually be taught
  • Tutors must have a higher squad status than the learner

You’ll often see Tutoring greyed out: hover over it to see why

The importance of tutoring

So, what does tutoring do? I see a lot of people claim that a tutor will improve a player’s mental attributes – not true. I can understand the idea and where people might get it from, but you are not going to turn Theo Walcott (not sure why I always use poor Theo as an example of a thick footballer) into Socrates from tutoring. Here is what tutoring changes:

  1. Determination
  2. Adaptability
  3. Ambition
  4. Controversy
  5. Loyalty
  6. Pressure
  7. Professionalism
  8. Sportsmanship
  9. Temperament
  10. PPMs

As determined as a dog with an itch

Effectively then, tutoring changes a player’s personality. These attributes are the contributors to what you see on a player’s information tab, so theoretically you can turn a player from ‘Casual’ to a ‘Model Professional’  through tutoring, though probably not in just the one period. By the way, professionalism, ambition and determination are the attributes we’re really looking to raise – these have a direct impact on the speed and success of development – though of course the others are handy to have. It is important to change players’ personality because their personality affects their behaviour off the pitch; on the pitch you can usually rely on a good player to play well regardless of whether he’s a Balotelli or a Scholes (subject to any attribute differences etc) but off the pitch, their actions are almost entirely influenced by their personality attributes. It is arguably too easy to change a players’ personality on FM, because there is no way in hell Balotelli will become the angel Gabriel, regardless of how much time he spends with Gareth Barry. Players’ personalities on FM are like putty; up to a certain age (23 on the latest patch) you can mould them and mash them into shape if you know your stuff, and you can rescue a young player from a life of drink-driving offences and gambling addictions, instead turning him into the professional, dedicated individual that every manager wants to manage.

Selecting a tutor-mentor match

You can go into all sorts of depths and theories here but for me it is very simple. I follow a few simple rules:

  • Tutor should have a better personality than the learner. I would usually advise higher determination in a tutor but there are some cases where you may be best off sacrificing a few determination points to gain professionalism and ambition.The ideal personality is Model Citizen (indicates almost perfect personality attributes) but you won’t often find players with that, so try and aim for Model Professional, Professional, Ambitious, Resolute, Spirited, Perfectionist and ones like that.
  • Tutor should not be too different from the learner. It is no point pairing players who are worlds apart – you have plenty of time, do it in phases. If you have a trainwreck of a player, start with someone with a Balanced personality and decent determination, and then  someone who’s Professional with good determination before finishing it off with your best tutor if need be. Work in phases and the tutoring will work much better; for a start there’ll be more attributes ‘passed on’ and just as importantly, you’ll get fewer arguments and more good relationships. I’m reliably informed that successful tutoring can improve morale so it’s all the more important to keep it friendly!
  • Keep the best tutors for the best prospects. There’s really no need turning your 1* PA 16 year old into the Paul Scholes of League Two. If you know you’re only going to sell them on then still tutor them, but don’t try and craft them into the perfect personality.
  • When choosing between two fairly similar tutors, pick the one that the learner has on their Favoured Personnel or is known to ‘love playing with’; if neither fits that, pick the one that shares a language with the learner. Neither of these relationships are greatly important but from my experience, they can help the success of a tutelage period.
Final words

Tutoring should be in the starring role of your youth development system and if it isn’t, it should be at the very least, a brilliant supporting act. It allows you to completely transform players and the way they approach training, contracts and interaction with you and the other players. The beauty of developing a club identity of professionalism and determination is that it feeds itself; when one generation has been tutored into angelic beings, they can grow up and tutor the next generation. It’s an ongoing process of learning and teaching that can ensure the future squads of your club are equally driven and ruthlessly professional as the last. This is how clubs are built and this is how clubs succeed.

10 comments on “Youth Development: Tutoring

  1. When looking for players, especially youngsters then Determination is one of the most important attributes that I look for. In my squad none of my under 23 players have the determination attribute under 15.

    I have one youngster who has some good attributes that point towards a TM, he’s got 3.5 stars PA rating (very high for my team) but he needs a lot of work – , when looking for tutors I normally pay most attention to Determination, Influence, Teamwork, like you said all the attributes that point to a model professional and then I look at the role in which I want him to become (TM in this case) and put him on a schedule tailored to his role/attributes, at the moment I’ve got this guy tutoring him –

    • The famous Barbero! I’ll happily buy a player with low determination, it’s usually cheaper to do so than buying a ready-made Professional. I don’t know what Barbero’s personality is but his determination is lower than the young lad’s so be careful.

  2. Excellent wee article lads. Looking forward to the rest of the series. Just one comment – determination does not effect player development at all. Ambition and professionalism are the driving forces in terms of attributes. Still handy to have though.

    • I’ve heard some people say that, and I think it comes from some research someone did. At the moment though I don’t really agree that determination plays no part, it would thoroughly surprise me if it doesn’t. Nonetheless, determined players tend to be professional players all the same, as these kind of attributes group in the same players. Cheers for the comment mate.

      • Yeah that was me 🙂

        Maestro Ugo also followed it up with some further research that backed it up and identified ambition alongside it. I absolutely agree that it’s a very useful attribute and I’ve also noticed that many professional players tend to also be determined, they seem to go together, however I can say with absolute certainty that determination does not impact development.

        Slight caveat on that would be that more determined youngsters are less susceptible to morale drops and are therefore more likely to get regular games which has an obvious impact on his development.

    • It probably is, if they have the potential, a decent training schedule and some match experience. See if it makes any difference and get back to us! 🙂

  3. Pingback: Il tutoring per sviluppare le giovani promesse in Football Manager

  4. Pingback: Youth Development: Scouting and Recruitment -

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